Australia, its history and location.
Australia, formally called the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country that belongs to the territory of Oceania. It is the major continental mass in which occupies the Sahul platform and is surrounded by the Indian, Antarctic and Pacific Glaciers oceans; it is separated from Asia by the oceans of Timor And Arafura. It is bordered by the nations East Timor Papuan New Guinea And Indonesia the northern part, Vanuatu, the French depedency of New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands the northeast part, and New Zealand to the southeast.
So how exactly does the history of Australia commence?
The history of Australia ( *eTA Australia) dates back to the time men came on its land for the first time. Australian aborigines came with vessel from the southeast of the Eurasian place approximately 60,000 years ago, nevertheless, the date is in discussion since Australian history is considered to be several thousands of years more extensive since there are no writings of human being events prior to contact with Europeans. And, likewise, about 1,000,000 aborigines currently occupied the place when they colonized it.
It is known that Australia had been discovered in the 16th century by Spanish and Portuguese sailors, but they held the information secret for strategic reasons. Then, Dutch explorers made the very first sighting a hundred years after. Nevertheless, they deemed it an uninhabitable property that wasn’t ideal for colonization and also left free passing to later British explorations.
Captain James Cook.
Despite the fact that there was some other European incursions before, what exactly is considered the most satisfactory exploration of Australia was done in the Eighteenth century with the English captain James Cook, who arrived in 1770, claimed the area for the British crown and also took possession of the Southeast of the tropical island in the identity of the king of England.
Cook’s breakthroughs and the acceptance of his studies by English authorities, granted the very first European settlement on the region, therefore it is common to hear that Cook is the discoverer of the the southern area of land, although the true breakthrough discovery happened over 160 years before his journey.
England was especially intrigued by Australia for the reason that saw it as a potential answer to the problem of overpopulation they suffered at that time because of the loss in the 13 American colonies and it was considered to move a portion of its residents there. For this reason, on March 13, 1787, 11 First Navy ships left Portsmouth, England, to Botany Bay, Australia . By doing so, colonists arrived and inhabited the area whilst displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and diseases.
It became a Federation.
As soon as the twentieth century came, Australia didn’t exist as a country: it contained a conglomerate of colonies or autonomous states. But in 1901, the 6 different state governments arranged in a referendum to become a federation and they also picked the common flag that these days is still the flag of Australia.
After the formation of Australia as a country, it was intended to impose a legislation on immigration management. Nevertheless, when World War II ended, numerous migrants from different areas found its way to the country and, presently, it is the house of folks from several regions of the earth.
Source: eTA Australia